Both residential and commercial structures rely on drywall for good interior structures . Drywall damage can range from small to large. A picture frame may be used to hide an unsightly hole in the wall, but something as extensive as a water damaged wall needs much more attention. With the proper tools and some specialized skills, a drywall repair may be performed to restore a damaged wall to resemble its original appearance.
Drywall Repair Tools
Starting a Drywall Repair Project
Determine whether a drywall repair is required for a small hole or for a larger area. The drywall repair method will be based on the overall size of the hole. Safety gloves, safety glasses and a mask should be worn to minimize the injuries that might result from dust or abrasions.
Drywall Repair for a Small Hole
For a small hole repair, it is best to ensure that a smooth surface exists. Use a hand sander on any rough areas that are located around the repair area. Cut a piece of mesh tape to fit an area that is one inch beyond the outer edges of the hole. Use a taping knife to spread a thin coat of joint compound over the mesh tape.
Drywall Repair for a Large Hole
A drywall repair for a large hole requires more work and a greater degree of patience than a small hole repair. Generally, several pieces of wood may be used toward the repair of a large hole. Ideally, the wood should be used as an anchor for a new piece of drywall. Use a pencil to create a square that is slightly larger than the area of the existing hole.
Cut the square using a drywall saw. Remove loose pieces of drywall from around the area of the hole. Drywall is sold in various widths. Therefore, it is important to measure the depth of the hole before affixing pieces of wood inside of the repair area. Use a ruler to measure the depth of the hole.
Within the drywall hole, mount the pieces of wood on the left and the right side of the repair area. In some instances, wood may also be needed on the top and the bottom areas of the square for additional support. Measure and cut a piece of drywall to fill in the repair area. Use several screws to tighten the drywall against the pieces of wood. Use a level to ensure that the repair is even with the existing area of the wall.
Cover seams that appear around areas of the repair with drywall tape. Use a taping knife to smear a thin coat of joint compound over the drywall tape.
Finishing Drywall Repair
After the joint compound has completely dried, a sanding sponge or a hand sander may be used to achieve a smoother surface. Additional joint compound and sanding may be needed to achieve the desired finish. Repeat as necessary.
A moderate degree of skill is required for a quality drywall repair. Safety precautions should be taken to ensure that the power is neutralized for any live wires or electrical items are in close proximity to a drywall repair. A professional drywall installer may be contacted for assistance with difficult drywall repairs.
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